June 15, 2007

Priča o lanu VI - prerada / Linen story VI - processing

Jeste li ikad vidjeli ovako nešto?
Sve prijašnje faze prerade zahtijevale su skoro nikakvu ili vrlo malo opreme, ali za završetak priče i preradu stabljika lana u vlakno, potrebno je imati dodatnu opremu. Nakon dosta potrage uspjela sam nabaviti sve što nam je potrebno. Istina je da izgleda vrlo starinski, ali ne vjerujem da moderniji stroj izleda drugačije.
Dakle, ovo što mislite da je krokodil, zove se STUPA. Stupanjem po stupi odvaja se tvrdi dio stabljike od mekanih vlakana koji se dalje provlače kroz TRLICU kako bi se odvojili svi maleni komadi stabljike, a zatim se sve skupa još jednom provlači kroz GREBEN (ove velike kovane i dugačke igle). U ovoj posljednjoj fazi prerade, dosta kratkih vlasi ostaje u grebenu, i to se može iskoristiti za vodoinstalaterske radove, ali i presti u grublje laneno vlakno.




Have you ever seen anything like this?
All the previous phases have been done with little or no equipment, but to finalize the process and turn flax into linen thread requires a set of very weird looking tools. Those we have used are very ancient, but I doubt that anything modern looks overly different. So, the photos are showing what equipment is needed to come closer to making yarn.
The item that looks like a crocodile is a FLAX BREAK. This weird wooden tool chops away the straw and separates the chaff from the fiber. Since you cannot remove all the chaff at once, you have to use the next tool – SCUTCHING BOARD AND KNIFE. The wooden knife helps to beat more chaff away from the fiber. Last, but not least, everything is drawn through the HACKLES (these big wrought iron nails). During this last phase, quite some fiber remains in the hackles, and those shorter fibers can be used for water installation repairs, but also span into a lower quality yarn.





2 comments:

Sharon said...

Thanks for sharing all of those steps. The last one reminds me of wool combs. It all makes me appreciate the ingenuity of ancient peoples.

Leigh said...

This is quite an impressive process. Though I'm sure the commercial process is a bit quicker, I can still see why linen yarn costs so much.